Deerhound Food, Feeding and Diet

Articles and information relating to feeding.  Information here relating to raw food diets.

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This article has been kindly submitted to us by Jonathan Self, founder, Darling’s Real Dog Food

What is the ultimate dog food? You know, the food that will optimise a dog’s mental and physical health, ensure a long, enjoyable life and – well – make it happy?

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This article has been kindly submitted to us by Jonathan Self, founder, and written by Vicky Marshall, managing director, Darling’s Real Dog Food

The first time a vet suggested giving our dog a bone to chew on I was slightly shocked. This, I thought to myself, borders on malpractice. The poor dog will choke or, worse, he will swallow a bit of bone and then…well, I wasn’t quite sure what might happen but I felt certain nothing good could come of it.

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There is always quite a bit of discussion regarding raw food for Scottish Deerhounds. Here’s a summary of an on-line discussion on the forum and further reference sources to get you interested. This article previously appeared in the Deerhound Club UK Newsletter.

What to Feed

Meat

  • A raw meaty bone diet and/or whole carcasses
  • Chicken necks, minced chicken with bone
  • Tripe
  • Turkey necks and wings
  • Lamb ribs and breast of lamb
  • Rabbit
  • Beef
  • Bison (or bison tripe)
  • Pork
  • Goat
  • Roo (for non Aussies that's Kangaroo)

Vegetables

  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflower
  • Pumpkin
  • Celery
  • Silver beet
  • Carrot
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Lettuce – Romaine is good
  • Spinach
  • Carrots
  • Beetroot greens
The vegetables can get ground up or can also be pureed and then frozen into portions. Vegetables can also be roasted for the dogs.

Fruit

  • Apple
  • Cut up banana or other mild fruit
  • Berries (blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries)
  • Pineapple
  • Melons
  • Pears
If you make yourself fresh juices the dogs can get the pulp and some of the juice too can be added to their food.

Carbohydrates

  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Bread (wholemeal)
  • Cooked potatoes or Sweet potatoes
  • Oats/oatmeal
  • Millet
  • Long boiled barley
Carbohydrates are useful for puppies to slow/ moderate their growth rate. Fewer carbohydrates are needed as the dogs get older. 1 Tbsp of brewers yeast, lecithin - can be added to the oatmeal (or equivalent) after cooking.

Fish

  • Tinned tuna
  • Sardines in oil
  • Fillets of white fish e.g. Pollack
  • Salmon
Quite often the fish is cooked.

Oils

  • Olive oil
  • Coconut oil
  • Fish oil
Dogs don’t need much oil. Too much can cause diarrhea.

What else?

  • Bioactive yoghurt added to the food is also good. Goats milk yoghurt is good.
  • Cheese grated over their meat sometimes
  • Cottage cheese - the low fat varieties can be used to replace some of the meat for dogs who need to "watch out for their weights "
  • Raw eggs still in the shells
  • Kelp, about 1.5 tsp on the meat per day
  • Herbs
  • Fresh/raw ginger can be added to the feed regularly to help digestion
  • Extra fat from a butcher and it helps with metabolism
  • Peanut butter about 1 tsp of fresh helps fussy eaters
Eggshells can also be stored in the fridge then placed in an oven (about 250 – 300 deg F or 100 – 150 deg C) until the shells are slightly browned. Then put them in blender until fine. Store in fridge and add about 1 tsp per feeding. The blended shells can also be frozen for longer storage. This makes the shells softer and should be easier to digest without any lose of nutrition.

 

Loose or Hard Stools

If your dogs suffer from loose stools, rice is ok, but cooked mashed pumpkin is better, plus it has a lot of potassium, which dogs lose when they have loose stools. For 'hard poos' try adding a bit more meat, making sure, there is plenty of fat with it and also perhaps more vegetables. Too much bone may cause this problem.

How Much to Feed

A formula you can use is 3% of the dog's ideal weight when fully grown. That would be approximately 45kg, giving almost 1.5kg of meat and bones per day.

Feed a lot of different meats, about 2/3rds meat 1/3rd vegetables/fruits usually, extra bones 1-2 times a week (some ground up in the meat or another form of calcium added), some chicken necks/backs but not every day. For older dogs increase the percentage of vegetables and fruits.

Not every meal has to be balanced, but over the course of one week they should get everything they need. A multivitamin supplement can be added each week to be on the safe side to ensure your dog is getting everything they need.

Make sure fresh water is always available.

What not to Feed

Offal in moderation, perhaps once or twice a week and introduce it slowly in small quantities. Organ meat - kidneys, liver and hearts – can be fed regularly but not every day. You need to get the balance of meat and bone right. Too much bone and the poos turn into bullets and too much meat leaves them deficient in various vitamins/minerals.

Raw potato, raw onion or raw garlic. Grapes and raisins are also a no-no.

Avoid cooked bones as they can splinter.

Worming

It is advisable to worm every 3 months if feeding raw food.

Treats

Instead of adding liver to the dog's food you can dry it and it makes a great, high value treat. Alternatively, you can make liver cake see this link for a typical recipe http://www.agilitynet.com/active/caninecook.HTML

Sources of Meat in the UK

Many people are able to get cheap (no pun intended!) 'waste' bits of chicken and turkey from local abattoirs. You can see if you have any local abattoirs from this site www.tracingpaper.org.uk/foodtracer/abattoirs. If you can already get bones from your butcher, it's probably worth talking to them to see if they can supply you with anything else.

Unfortunately many local butchers buy in stock ready butchered, so have no offcuts or excess. Meat and fish in the supermarkets is viable if it's really reduced.

Darlings Real Dog Food (http://www.darlingsrealdogfood.com) supplies a range of raw, fresh dog foods, bones, biscuits and treats. They deliver nationally. Their dog food comes in three varities: free range chicken; beef and lamb. Each variety contains approximately two-thirds raw meat and ground bone and one-third grated raw vegetables.

Landywoods (www.landywoods.co.uk) and the Dog Food Company (www.thedogfoodcompany.net/index.html) both supply raw meat animal food. Both are fine and prices are about the same, some people prefer The Dog Food Company who are really helpful. Landywoods only deliver to some areas once a month. The Dog Food Company are a bit more flexible. You need to make sure that you order enough to get you to the next delivery, but not so much as it won't all fit in the freezer! Second hand cheap freezers can be bought from www.preloved.co.uk specifically for the dog food. An additional fridge as well could also be useful- it's a bit off putting to have 2kg of raw green tripe defrosting in your fridge next to the leg of lamb for dinner!

Reference Information

Cost

It isn’t necessarily expensive. Particularly in relation to the recent price hikes in dry dog food. A range of different raw meats can cost slightly less per month than a dry food.

This information has been taken from posts and information from: Samantha Doohan; Cassandra Cook; Steve Liversage; Trish Southern; Spring Arnold; and Verena von Eichborn from scottish-deerhound.com and previously appeared in the Deerhound Club UK Newsletter

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This article has been kindly submitted to us by Jonathan Self, founder, and written by Nat Self, Executive Canine Chef, Darling’s Real Dog Food

‘Always read something,’ suggested P J O’Rourke, ‘that will make you look good if you die in the middle of it.’ I am not quite sure how you would look if you keeled over with a book about canine diet in your hands. Earnest, I suppose. At any rate, you wouldn’t (and this may surprise you) die of boredom. Because, like many specialist topics, once you get into it, canine diet is fascinating. In fact, my chief complaint is that although there are a number of really good books on the subject, more has not been written. ‘Outside of a dog,’ advised Groucho Marx, ‘a book is man's best friend. Inside of a dog it's too dark to read.’ Where that leaves books about dogs’ insides I am not entirely sure. Anyway, here are my favourites.